Puri district includes 1722 income villages. It has one Sub-Division, 11 Tahasils and 11 Blocks. Puri is the one municipality of the district. Konark, Pipili and Nimapara are the three N.A.Cs on this district. Satyabadi, Gop, Kakatpur and Brahmagiri are main Semi-urban areas.
The District has been named after its headquarters city, Puri. Based on Cunningham the traditional identify of this city was Charitra talked about by the Chinese language pilgrim Hiuen Tsang as Che-li-ta-lo. However the restoration of the phrase Che-li-ta-lo as Charitra and its identification with the city of Puri are open to doubt.
The significance of the city as a seat of Vaisnavism elevated when Chodaganga Deva constructed the temple of Purusottama Jagannath and put in the photographs of the deities. Thereafter, it turned well-known because the abode of Purusottama and was popularly known as Purusottama Kshetra.
Like many different elements of Odisha, within the Puri District, river gravels and slits could also be included among the many varied Pleistocene formations.
However no formation of this era has to this point yielded any sort of pre-historic stone software although they’re present in a big quantity from comparable formations (river gravels, secondary laterite pits and murrams) within the districts of Dhenkanal, Mayurbhanj, Keonjhar and Sundargarh.
Within the drama Anargharaghava Natakam attributed to circa ninth century CE, we discover the identify Purusottama utilized to this city. Within the Nagari Plate of Anangabhima III of the Saka 12 months 1151-52 i.e. 1229-30 CE, the place is known as Purusottama Kshetra.
This identify within the type of Purusottama Chhatar or solely within the kind Chhatar was utilized by the Mughals, the Marathas in addition to the early British rulers of their official data. Even in Yoginitantra and Kalikapurana town is known as Purusottam. Puri area was often known as Utkal.
The identify Purusottama Kshetra was additionally for a while often known as Purusottama Puri. Because the phrase Purusottama Kshetra was contracted into Kshetra or Chhatra, so additionally Purusottama Puri was expressed within the contracted kind as Puri. In reality, in lots of early British data this city is understood by the identify Pooree. In fashionable instances, the identify of Puri has develop into the most well-liked of all the opposite names used for this city.
Historical past of the District as an administrative unit
Underneath Mughal Rule (1592–1751), Odisha for the aim of income administration was divided into three circars, particularly Jaleswar, Bhadrak and Kataka every of which Underneath Mughal was subdivided into Bishis.
Puri fashioned part of Kataka circar. After their occupation of Odisha in 1751, the Marathas caused some modifications within the income divisions of the province. They divided Odisha, which then prolonged from the river Suvarnarekha within the north to the lake Chilika within the south, into 5 Chakalas viz. (I) Pipli, (II) Kataka (III)Soro, (IV) Balasore.
The Chakala of Pipli comprised main parts of the fashionable district of Puri. The Chakalas have been divided into parganas into Mahals or Taluqs. The conquest of Odisha by the British in 1803 set forth nice modifications in income divisions and political relations.
In June 1804, the province was divided into two divisions, particularly the Northern and Southern Divisions, the river Mahanadi forming the boundary. Robert Ker and Charles Groeme have been appointed as Decide, Justice of the Peace, and collector in Northern and Southern Divisions respectively.
By 1805 each divisions have been amalgamated and G.Webb succeeded Groene because the collector and Robert Ker turned the Decide and Justice of the Peace of the entire province.
Because the Raja of Khurdha revolted the 1804, he was arrested and was positioned in confinement within the Fort of Barabati at Cuttack. His territory was confiscated and the Raja was subsequently launched.
In 1807 he was permitted to dwell at Balisahi within the city of Puri and functioned as superintendent of the temple of Jagannath. Puri was the capital of the province of Odisha and the headquarters of the collector, until 1816.
In 1806 there was a proposal to take away the headquarters to Jajpur, however it did not get Authorities sanction. In August 1814, part of the collectors institution was eliminated to Cuttack, which was once more introduced again to Puri in December. By 1816 the headquarters was completely shifted to Cuttack which was Headquarters throughout Moghal and Marathas. By 1818 the workplace of the commissioner was established and Robert Ker turned the primary commissioner.
From 1813 to 1819 there was a joint Justice of the Peace at Puri with the jurisdiction over the Thana of Pipli, Gop, Hariharpur and Kiran. By 1819 this workplace was abolished and the joint Justice of the Peace of Khurdha was given the cost of the above thanas. On 11 February 1822, the workplace of the joint Justice of the Peace of Khurdha was abolished and Odisha was once more divided into two divisions with the river Baitarani because the dividing line. Willkinson, the collector of Cuttack, was positioned answerable for Cuttack and Khurdha and Ricketts with powers of a collector was given the cost of Balasore and Bhadrak.
Lastly on 23 October 1828, the province was divided into three districts, particularly Balasore, Cuttack and Jagannath, later often known as Puri. Regulation IV of 1821 had offered that the ability of a Justice of the Peace and collector is perhaps vested in a single and the identical individual and accordingly are Justice of the Peace and collector was appointed in every of the above three districts.
H. Ricketts, R. Hunter and W. Willkinson have been the primary Justice of the Peace and collectors of Balasore, Cuttack and Puri districts respectively.
In 1912 the brand new province of Bihar and Orissa was fashioned. Subsequently, Orissa develop into a separate province in 1936. After integration with Orissa on 1 January 1948 of the feudatory states of Nayagarh, Daspalla, Khandapara and Ranapur with a complete space of 3941 1st km. a separate Sub-Division comprising these ex-states was added to Puri District with headquarters at Nayagarh. The fourth Sub-Division of Bhubaneswar was carried out on 26 January 1959.
The outdated Puri District consisted of 4 Sub-Division i.e. Puri Sadar, Khurdha, Bhubaneswar and Nayagarh, Puri Sadar Sub-Division consists of 4 Tahasils i.e. 1) Krushna Prasad 2) Sadar 3) Pipili, 4) Nimapara.
Once more by the 12 months 1995, the Puri District was divided into Three Districts:
- Nayagarh District includes Nayagarh Sub-Division.
- Khordha District includes Khuradha and Bhubaneswar Sub-Division and
- Puri District includes Puri Sadar Sub-Division solely.
The Puri district lies across the latitudes 19° and longitudes 84°29’E. It has a geographical space of 3051 km2 or 264988 Ha. It has a different geographical and geological divisions relying upon the accessible rock varieties, soil, vegetation, water our bodies and local weather.
The entire of the district could also be divided into two dissimilar pure divisions i) The littoral tract ii) The extent alluvial tract
i) The littoral Tract The strip of the nation lies between the alluvial and the Bay of Bengal. It assumes the type of a bear however sandy ridger which stretches alongside the seashore for the complete size of the District, Various from 6.5 km. to a couple hundred metres in with. Accumulations of wind blown sand give rise to ridges parallel to the coast. It kinds the dividing line between the Chilika lake and the ocean
ii) The Stage Alluvial tract
This degree of the alluvial area is filled with villages and rice fields, watered by a community of channels, by way of which the water of distributaries of essentially the most southerly department of Mahanadi, discover their strategy to the ocean.
There isn’t any hill in Puri District besides a small domesticate land are below plough. Typically biali or autumn rice, sarada or winter rice and dalua or spring rice these three sorts of rice are cultivated.
The size of the sea-coast of the district of Puri is sort of 150.4 km. Sandy ridges are discovered alongside the sea-coast which stretch into the districts of Jagatsingpur and Ganjam. One such sandy spit divides the lake Chilika from Bay of Bengal.
These sandy ridges and dunes are fashioned by the robust monsoon currents which blow over the nation for almost Eight months of the 12 months. The ridges fluctuate from about 7 km to a couple metres in width and have prevented many of the rivers of the district from discovering their means into the ocean.
No Island is discovered within the coastal waters of Puri, however the Chilika lake is separated from the Bay of Bengal by a gaggle of Islands.
All of the rivers of Puri district have a typical attribute. Within the scorching climate, they’re beds of sand with tiny streams or none in any respect, whereas within the rains they obtain extra water than they’ll carry. Typically, all rivers are distributaries of Mahanadi rivers.
1) Kushabhadra River– A department of Kuakhai river originates from Balianta and meets the ocean of Bay of Bengal on the shrine of Ramachandi, situated 15 miles east of Puri. Its tributary Mugei joins with Kushabhadra.
2) Daya River– A department of Kuakhai river drains into the Chilika lake. Two small rivers be a part of with Daya river i.e. the Gangua and the Managuni beneath Kanas. Daya river has been attributed with the issue of inflicting silt build-up in Chilika Lake.
3) Bhargavi River– A department of Kuakhai meets the ocean of Bay of Bengal after breaking apart into quite a few distributaries within the final two and half miles of its course. There are 4 foremost branches all branching off from the left financial institution viz. Kanchi, the East Kania, the Naya Nadi and the South Kanchi (which drains into Sar Lake); and by varied channel the primary three are interconnected and at last be a part of the Suna Munhi river which falls into Bali Harchandi and in the end drains to the Bay of Bengal sea through the mouth of Chilika. The South Kania will get misplaced within the marshes on the western shore of Chilika.
4) Kadua River– It’s a monsoon fed river that drains into Prachi river.
5) Prachi River– It’s a department commencing from Puri and Jagatsinghpur district. It has its origin close to Kantapara on Cuttack-Gop street and passes by way of the village of Kakatpur earlier than draining into the ocean of Bay of Bengal.
6) Devi River– It’s a department of Kathajori. It runs into Puri district close to the acute east forming quite a few branches.
There are additionally just a few small rivers price a point out, mainly Ratnachira and Nuna, which drain into Bhargabi river and Daya river respectively.
1. The Chilika Lake
2. The Sar Lake
1.The Puri Seashore 2.The Golden Seashore 3.The Beleswar Seashore 4.The Swargadwar Seashore 5.The Balighai Seashore 6.The Chandrabhaga Sea Seashore
Based on the 2011 census Puri district has a inhabitants of 1,697,983,roughly equal to the nation of Guinea-Bissau or the US state of Idaho. This offers it a rating of 291st in India (out of a complete of 640).The district has a inhabitants density of 488 inhabitants per sq. kilometre (1,260/sq mi) .Its inhabitants development charge over the last decade 2001-2011 was 13%. Puri has a intercourse ratio of 963 females for each 1000 males, and a literacy charge of 85.37%.
Tradition and Custom
Puri is among the fascinating littoral district of Odisha. The Cultural heritage of Puri with its lengthy recorded historical past starting from third century B.C. until current day, The monuments and non secular sanctity, lifestyle of the individuals with their wealthy custom possess emphatically to be the cultural coronary heart of Odisha. In deed Puri is think about cultural capital of Odisha. The tradition right here is flourished with its manifold actions.
The District has the joyful conglomeration of various religions, sects and religion in course of historical past. Majority of the individuals are Hindus. The opposite vital communities like Muslims, Sikhs, jains, Christians and tribals discovered right here within the District. The Hindu monuments of varied sectors like Shaivism, Vaishnavism, Sakti cult, Ganapatya, Mahabir and so forth. are discovered. Equally Muslim Mosques, Christian Church buildings are additionally observed right here.
- Jagannath Temple (Puri)
- Gundicha Temple, Puri
- Lokanatha Temple, Puri
- Jambeswar temple, Puri
- Solar Temple, Konark
- Barahi Temple, at Chourasi, in Nimapara Block.
- Mangala Temple, Kakatpur
- Sakhigopal Temple, at Sakhigopal
- Amareswar Temple, at Amareswar, Nimapara Block
- Sculpture shed at Bishnupur, Nimapara
- Gramswar Temple, Terundia, Nimapara
- Alarnath Temple, Brahamgiri
- Baliharachandi Temple, Brahamagiri Block
- Kunteswar Temple, Araorh, Pipili Block
- Harihar Temple, close to Pipili
- Shiva Temple, Jagadalpur at Delang Block
- Tara picture at Badatara, Gop
- Bayalisbati Temple, close to Gop
- Mohabir Temple, Siruli Sadar Block
- Sri Sri Bakreswar Temple at Balanga, Nimapara block
- Baba Balunkeswar Temple at Arisandha, Nimapara Block
- Nilakantha Temple and Chirnnamasta Temple at Biranarasinghpur Sasana.
The grandeur of structure and the crafts maintop of the sculptures communicate excessive of the cultural historical past of Puri District. A complete record of Hindu temples in and round Puri district is on the market within the Exterior hyperlinks part beneath
Conventional Gala’s and Festivals
It’s mentioned that 13 festivals are celebrated in calendar 12 months referring to Lord Jagannath. Some vital festivals associated of Lord Jagannath and others are listed beneath.
- Automobile Pageant (Ratha Yatra) in July
- Chandan Yatra in April
- Gosani Yatra, Dasahara in Sept./Oct.
- Sahi Yatra for 7 days from Rama Navami in March/April
- Maha Shivaratri in February in all of the Shaiva Pithas
- Magha mela at Konark in January
- Boita Bandan at Konark in Oct./Nov.
- Harirajpur Melan at Harirajpur in March
- Jhamu Yatra at Kakatpur in Might
- Dayana chori at Ghorodia in Pipili Block
- Amla Navami at Sakshigopal in March
- Makar Mela at Chilika in January
- Baliharachandi Mela throughout Raja Pageant in June at Brahmagiri
- Anavasara at Alarnatha Mandira, Brahamagiri.
- Siruli Mahavir Mela throughout Pana Sankranti- Siruli, Sadar Block in April
- Panchudola BALANGA Melan at Balanga Melan area, Nimapara block in March and at Arisandha, Niamapada -specialty in Arisandha GP on at the present time is Holi performs on at the present time.
- Snana Purnima celebration of Lord Shree Jagannath and Naga Jatra for 3 days At Rupadeipur, Pipli.
- Sitala sasthi yatra at Biranarasinghpur sasana.
Different Festivals for Vacationers
- Konark festival- Deptt of Tourism- Authorities of Odisha- 1st week of December
- Konark Music & Dance Pageant- Konark Natya Mandap- February
- Basant Utshav- Parampara Raghurajpur- February
- Puri Seashore Pageant at Puri- Organised by Lodge and Restaurant Affiliation of Odisha – November
- Sri Ksetra Mohotsav, Puri- Organised by Sri Kshetra Mahoshav committee – April
- Gundicha Utsav at Puri- Organised by Urreka, Puri – June
In all of the festivals Odissi dance and folks dances from totally different elements of the nation are staged.
Dance and Music
A lot of Puri’s historical actions revolved across the stunning temples that have been ample within the rural areas and the business facilities. Within the huge temples, the position of dance and music in temple rituals was vital sufficient to accord them a separate enclosure- the Nata mandira- for his or her full improvement.
The well-known Nata mandiras, fantastically embellished with figures in varied poses of dance and musicians dealing with a wide range of devices are witness to this integral position in temple life .
What additionally involves gentle is the vital revelation that the cult of the “Devadasi” or feminine temple dancers was not solely pre-valent to the temples in central and south India, but in addition existed in Odisha in a extremely subtle kind.
The extra gifted devadasi are chosen for coaching within the secret arts of the temple dance “Odissi” which as we speak has develop into a extremely stylized and stylish dance kind. The devadashis have been used to bounce for lord Jagannath with the songs from Jayadev’s Gita Govinda.
After the abolition of devadasi system, this dance turns into essentially the most developed classical dance type of the State. Padmashri Guru Kelucharan Mahapatra is the legend of the actual dance kind.
Personal its origin from Puri. It’s a separate type of tune with its personal significance and is sort of totally different from Hindusthani and Karnataki music.
The Mahari Dance
Limb linking service of the Lord Jagannath, Who could be very a lot keen on music and tune is the motion and satisfaction of ‘Mahari’ custom. Mahari Custom of the Sri Mandira is the attractive Parijata flower of artwork an historical past of Utkal.
It additionally enlightened the nationwide tradition by its perfume and the contact. It has been doing so removed from the time immortal.
It has made the artwork of Utkal wonderful. Mahari custom is identical and one union of Lord Jagannath and nice Nari Mahari. Mahari Dance coming from the Nata temple of the temple has reached and prolonged to the stage and shastriya Odissi dance.
- Gotipua dance
Gotipua is an enchanting folks dance of Puri The place boys beneath 14 years clad in feminine gown dance to the tune on the music. The acrobatic poses hooked up to the dance enthralls the viewers. This dance is changing into very talked-about. The Gotipua crew of Raghurajpur has earned a lot popularity.
- Naga and Medha dance
Right here the dancer put a masks on his head and dance to the rhythm of the enchanting music. The medhas of Ravan, Trisira, Navasira and so forth. and Naga dance one very talked-about in Puri city. Throughout Rama Navami days this dance is enacted on the streets of Puri city for seven days.
Different folks dances
Ghoda nacha, Dhuduki Nacha, Jatra, Pala, Daskathia, Bhalu Nacha, Mankada Nacha and Navrang are another folks dances prevalent within the district.
Excavated Archeological Websites
The next are the Excavorted archeological Websites of Puri District.
a) Kurum often known as Kuruma, is 8 km from Konark. The excavation work performed right here revealed the stays of Buddhists artifacts from the 10th century CE.
b) Manikapatana: – It’s in Krushnaprasad block from which the stays of medieval interval have been discovered.
c) Klkha patana on Puri Konark Marine drive street the place the stays from the 15th century was discovered.
Annapurna Theatre, Located on the grand street Puri, is a pioneer establishment within the area of theatrical performances.
Opera is a well-liked cell drama troupe could be very well-liked within the state.
a) District Museum Puri:- With a view to protect and venture our wealthy cultural heritage, the district Museum at Puri is functioning since 1997. It is among the department museums of Odisha State Museum and managed by the state authorities.
Totally different Veshas of Lord Jagannath, Sculptures of varied Varieties, Patta work oalm leaf work, Handicrafts of quite a few varieties are displayed on this museum. It’s situated on the station street, Puri-2. There isn’t any entry price for visiting this museum.
b) One other handicraft museum is located at Batagaon, 5 km from Puri on Puri Bhubaneswar street. It’s managed by a Co-operative Society.
a) Dist Library :-The Dist library of Puri is located at station street and having greater than 15,000 books, each day Newspapers and Magazines are delivered to this library recurrently. It’s managed by the state authorities’s division of tradition. Anybody can learn on this library. There isn’t any lending services.
b) Panchasakha Memorial corridor Library, Sakshigopal:- This library can also be managed by division of tradition. It has greater than 4,000 books at its inventory. Monday is the weekly holidays.
To increase library actions in rural areas, registered librariesfunctioning at totally different elements of the district are inspired with varied distance from Raja Ram Mohan Roy Library Basis Calcutta by way of State Govt.
- Gopabandhu Das
- Nilakantha Das
- Kelucharan Mohapatra
- Manasi Pradhan
- Raghunath Mohapatra
- Sudarshan Patnaik
District Tradition workplace
To advertise cultural actions and to implement Govt, selections on the grass root degree referring to artwork and tradition, Dist Hqrs. The District Library Puri, Panchasakha Memorial Corridor Library at Sakhigopal, the museum Puri is straight managed by this workplace. In addition to it gives data on totally different features of tradition.
Cultural programmee are organized by this workplace. Grants to registered libraries, cultural establishments, pension to artist in indecent Circumstances are routed by way of this Workplace. It additionally retains liaison with the Orissa Sahitya Akademi and the Odisha Sangeet Natak Academy.