Mayurbhanj district is one of the 30 districts in Odisha state in eastern India. Baripada city is its headquarter. As of 2011, it is the third-most-populous district of Odisha (out of 30), after Ganjam and Cuttack.
Mayurbhanj is land-locked with a geographical area of 10,418 km2 (4,022 sq mi) and is in the northern boundary of the state. It is bounded in the northeast by Jhargram district of West Bengal, West Singhbhum and East Singhbhum districts of Jharkhand in the northwest, Balasore district in the southeast and by Kendujhar in the southwest.
According to the 2011 census Mayurbhanj district has a population of 2,513,895, roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait or the US state of Nevada. This gives it a ranking of 171st in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 241 inhabitants per square kilometre (620/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 13.06%. Mayurbhanj has a sex ratio of 1006 females for every 1000 males and a literacy rate of 63.98%.
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Mayurbhanj one of the country’s 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 19 districts in Odisha currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
Mayurbhanj district is known for various tribal community, they are Santal, Ho, Bhumij/Munda, Bhuinya, Mankadia, Kharia and others. Many tribal groups have their own script of writing such as, one of the tribal group Santali which got official status in 2003 by the 92nd amendment bill. Other tribes which have their own script of writing include Bhumijj tribal community which speak Bhumij language and is written in Ol Onol script.
The district is an autonomous district. The main tribes of this district are Santal, Ho, Bhumij/Munda, Bhuinya, Mankadia and Kharia and others. Among these tribes, Santal and Ho tribes are dominated influence in the district because of their active political participations.
The district has many tribal cultures like Santali culture, Ho dance and Mage Porob of Ho tribe and bhumij cultures. According to 2011 Census 83.86 % people are Hindus, 1.34 % are Muslims, 0.60 % are Christians, 0.03 % are Sikhs. Hinduism being the most followed religion there are many temples found in the district some of which have ancient connections.