Hirakud Dam, Odisha: Deal with, Map, Details and Data

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Hirakud Dam

Hirakud Dam is constructed throughout the Mahanadi River, about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from Sambalpur within the state of Odisha in India.

Behind the dam extends a lake, Hirakud Reservoir, 55 km (34 mi) lengthy. It is without doubt one of the first main multipurpose river valley tasks began after India’s independence.

Building historical past

Earlier than the devastating floods of 1936, Sir M. Visveswararya proposed an in depth investigation for storage reservoirs within the Mahanadi basin to deal with the issue of floods within the Mahanadi delta.

In 1945, underneath the chairmanship of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, the Member of Labour, it was determined to put money into the potential advantages of regulating the Mahanadi for multi-purpose use.

Hirakud Dam

The Central Waterways, Irrigation and Navigation Fee took up the work. On 15 March 1946, Sir Hawthorne Lewis, the Governor of Odisha, laid the muse stone of the Hirakud Dam. A venture report was submitted to the federal government in June 1947. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru laid the primary batch of concrete on 12 April 1948.

In 1952, Mazumdar Committee was appointed by the federal government to supervise the soundness and technical feasibility of the venture.

The committee has envisaged prices of ₹92.80 crore for the venture and that the development of the primary dam can be full by June 1955. It additionally stated that by 1954–55 a complete of 1,347,000 acres (545,000 ha) can be irrigated and that 48 GW of electrical energy can be generated.

Nonetheless, the dam was accomplished in 1953 and was formally inaugurated by Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru on 13 January 1957. The full value of the venture was ₹1,000.2 million (equal to ₹75 billion or US$1.1 billion in 2018) in 1957. Energy era together with agricultural irrigation began in 1956, reaching full potential in 1966.

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Complete Size 25.79 km (16.03 mi)
Size of Essential Dam 4.8 km (3.0 mi)
Synthetic Lake 743 km2 (287 sq mi)
Irrigated Space (each crop) 2,355 km2 (235,477 ha)
Space misplaced in development of Dam 596 km2 (147,363 acres)
Put in Capability (Energy Technology) 347.5 MW
Price (in 1957) ₹1,000.2 million (equal to ₹75 billion or US$1.1 billion in 2018)
High dam stage R.L. 195.680 m (642 ft)
F.R.L/ M.W.L R.L. 192.024 m (630 ft)
Lifeless storage stage R.L. 179.830 m (590 ft)
Complete amount of earth work in Dam 18,100,000 m3 (640×106 cu ft)
Complete amount of concrete 1,070,000 m3 (38×106 cu ft)
Catchment 83,400 km2 (32,200 sq mi)

 

Construction

The Hirakud Dam is a composite construction of earth, concrete and masonry. 10 km (6.2 mi) north of Sambalpur, it’s the longest main earthen dam in India, measuring 25.8 km (16.0 mi) together with dykes, and stands throughout the river Mahanadi.

The primary dam has an general size of 4.8 km (3.0 mi) spanning between two hills; the Laxmidungri on the left and the Chandili Dunguri on the precise. The dam is flanked by 21 km (13 mi) of earthen dykes on each the left and proper sides, closing the low saddles past the adjoining hills.

The dam and dykes collectively measure 25.8 km (16.0 mi). It additionally varieties the largest synthetic lake in India, with a reservoir holding 743 km2 (287 sq mi) at full capability, with a shoreline of over 639 km (397 mi).

There are two commentary towers on the dam one at both sides. One is “Gandhi Minar” and the opposite one is”Jawahar Minar”. Each the commentary towers current in depth views of the lake.

Energy homes

The dam helps two completely different hydroelectric energy homes. Energy Home I is positioned on the base (toe) of the primary dam part and accommodates Three x 37.5 MW Kaplan turbine and a pair of x 24 MW Francis turbine mills for an put in capability of 259.5 MW. Energy Station II is positioned 19 km (12 mi) southeast of the dam 21°21′10″N 83°55′00″E at Chipilima. It accommodates Three x 24 MW mills.

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The whole put in capability of the dam’s energy homes is 347.5 MW. Energy Home I and II have been in-built three levels. Throughout stage I, 4 mills have been put in at PH I and in stage II, the ability channel two and Energy Home II was constructed.

All three mills have been put in at PH II together with two extra at PH I by 1963. Between 1982 and 1990, the seventh and ultimate generator was put in at PH I.

Video Of Hirakud Dam

 

Purpose

Within the higher drainage basin of the Mahanadi River, centered on the Chhattisgarh Plain, periodic droughts distinction with the scenario within the decrease delta area the place floods might harm crops.

The dam was constructed to assist alleviate these issues by making a reservoir and controlling river circulate by the drainage system. The dam regulates the circulate of the Mahanadi River and produces hydroelectricity by a number of hydroelectric vegetation.

The dam helps management floods within the Mahanadi delta and irrigates 75,000 km2 (19×106 acres) of land. Hydroelectricity can also be generated.

The Hirakud Dam regulates 83,400 km2 (20.6×106 acres) of Mahanadi’s drainage. The reservoir has a storage capability of 5.818 km3 (1.396 cu mi) with gross of 8.136 km3 (1.952 cu mi).

It drains an space of 133,090 km2 (32.89×106 acres), greater than twice the world of Sri Lanka.

The quantity of earth, concrete and masonry supplies used to construct the dam is ample to make a highway 8 m (26 ft) vast and pave it from Kanyakumari to Kashmir and from Amritsar to Dibrugarh in Assam. With profitable irrigation supplied by the dam, Sambalpur is known as the rice bowl of Odisha.

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The venture gives 1,556 km2 (384,000 acres) of kharif and 1,084 km2 (268,000 acres) of rabi irrigation in districts of Sambalpur, Bargarh, Bolangir, and Subarnpur. The water launched by the ability plant irrigates one other 4,360 km2 (1.08×106 acres) of CCA in Mahanadi delta.

The dam can generate as much as 307.5 MW {of electrical} energy by its two energy vegetation at Burla, on the dam’s proper financial institution and Chiplima, 22 km (14 mi) downstream from the dam. As well as, the venture gives flood safety to 9,500 km2 (2.3×106 acres) of delta space in district of Cuttack and Puri.

Chiplima has gained prominence because the second hydroelectric venture of the Hirakud Dam. A pure fall of 80 to 120 ft (24 to 37 m) within the river Mahanadi is used to generate electrical energy. The place is usually inhabited by fishermen, whose deity Ghanteswari is revered within the neighboring space. The state livestock breeding farm and agricultural farm are positioned right here.

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