Know About Bargarh Dhanu jatra or Dhanu yatra


Bargarh Dhanu jatra or Dhanu yatra

Dhanu jatra or Dhanu yatra is an annual drama-based open air theatrical efficiency celebrated in Bargarh, Odisha. Unfold throughout a 8km radius space across the Bargarh municipality, it’s world’s largest open air theater,one which finds a point out within the Guinness Guide of World Data.

It’s primarily based on mythological story of Krishna (domestically generally known as Krushna), and his demon uncle Kansa. Originating in Bargarh, within the current day play, the enactments of the play are being carried out in lots of different locations in Western Odisha.

The foremost one in all these is the unique one at Bargarh. It’s concerning the episode of Krishna and Balaram’s go to to Mathura to witness the Dhanu ceremony organized by their (maternal) uncle Kansa.

The performs begin with the dethroning of emperor Ugrasena by the offended prince Kansa, over the wedding of his sister Debaki with Basudeba, and ends with demise of Kansa, and Ugrasen restoring again to grow to be the king. There isn’t a written script utilized in these enactments.

Throughout this pageant Kansa can punish folks with penalty for his or her errors. Biju Patnaik, the previous chief minister of Odisha was fined as soon as alongside along with his ministers. The division of Tradition of the Authorities of India has accorded Nationwide Pageant standing to Dhanuyatra on November 2014.

Historical past

It’s stated by some previous those who as a strategy to rejoice the liberty, of newly fashioned unbiased India after the British rulers, the labor class staff began this pageant. Loss of life of Kansa symbolised the tip of colonial guidelines.[9]


The principle municipality space turns into the historic city of Mathura Nagari, river Jeera turns into Yamuna, Ambapaali village (now a ward – a part of Bargarh municipality) turns into Gopapura. A Pond by the aspect of Jeera river in Ambapali turns into the Kalindi Lake of the mythology. Since 2005, Nishamani Faculty Floor has been used because the Rangamahal – Cultural stage of the pageant.

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There are various different cities/ villages of western Odisha, the place this drama enactment is finished lately, following the success and recognition of the Bargarh stage. The notable locations are Thuaapaali, Remanda,


The day by day vegetable market inside the center of the city turns into the primary stage of the pageant. Short-term stage is constructed up utilizing bamboo, fabric and different adorning supplies.

The cement concrete roof of market outlets works as fundamental platform. cultural troops, carry out right here in presence of King Kansa, invited visitor and keen viewers starting from youngsters to previous folks.

There’s the historic place of start line, on the rear space of the day by day market, the place the holy mast is erected few days earlier than the precise pageant begins.

Traditionally this place has been utilized by “Sanchaar” dance kind performers. It’s a declining and going extinct type of dance. Solely handful previous performers of this dance kind are left, who nonetheless come yearly to carry out. This dance goes on all through out the night time to maintain the guests of the villages engaged with leisure, query solutions and so on.


Close by village Ambapaali is rendered as Gopapura, throughout the pageant. Villagers paint their homes to the themes of the mythology, hand drawings on partitions displaying numerous tales of Krishna. Wall writing of poetic stanzas are fairly frequent on nearly all partitions of the village.

Video Of Bargarh Dhanu Yatra


Yamuna River

Jeera river, flowing on West aspect to the primary city, is reworked into river Yamuna for these 10 days. The river is used within the drama in three days of the play –

  1. When Krishna is born and Vasudeva goes to go away Krishna, his son at king Nanda’s place, for the security from the killer arms of Kansa
  2. Throughout Raas Leela of Krishna with Gopis alongside the banks of the river (Gopapura – Ambapaali)
  3. When minister Akrura goes and brings Krishna Balaram Brother duos to point out them Dhanu jatra at Mathura (Bargarh) metropolis.
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12 months-wise prime actors

Make-up artist Ghasiram Sahu of Bargarh, Odisha, actively related to this pageant since 1951 and not using a break, died on the age of 84 years on 31 July 2015. He’s credited for giving distinctive tyrant look to Kanssa, the principal actor of this play.


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